Nodules are one of inflammatory acne that appear and spread in the already severe acne skin. Although it can be painful and cause acne scars, nodules last long and difficult to be eliminated. Before discussing how to remove acne nodules without causing damage to the skin, let us know what that car acne nodules and nodular acne treatment.
What is acne Nodules?
Acne nodules are lumps of large, hard, and painful that appear below the surface of the skin during the final stage of acne. The appearance of nodules similar to papules but larger, hard and sensitive to the touch. Nodules also looks like a cyst but they are not full of pus. Nodules and cysts appear on the final phase of the already severe acne.
Acne nodules have a stable structure that can last a long time. They can grow especially if severe squeeze. Nodules of the already severe can cause infection of the deeper dermis layer, spread, and getting bigger.
Get rid of acne nodules should be complete, because otherwise the nodule will appear again. Nodules can cause extensive scarring on the skin. To minimize acne scars caused by nodules, nodule take with caution in order not to cause swelling.
The Formation Of Nodules
Increased sebum is the cause of the emergence of early symptoms of acne nodules. Excess oil can be the ideal place for the growth of bacteria causes acne. These bacteria not only increasing in number but became dangerous.
Acne-causing bacteria such as p. acnes can cause inflammation because the enzyme was issued as well as the antigen it produces. P. acnes secrete lipases that breaks down lipids in the lipid of sebum to proinflamasi and protease that breaks down the immune cells such as neutrophils.
The damage caused by this bacteria tells the immune system inflammatory factors then submit as leukotrienes and bradykinin (bradykinin increase the sensitivity of the skin against the pain, therefore, contribute to the pain perceived from nodules).
The immune reaction is reasonable. Inflammation caused by the immune system is the way to severe tissue damage. Without this inflammation, repair network cannot continue.
However, p. acnes is difficult to overcome by the pathogenic immune response. It makes the aggravating the skin, cause more damage, so the greater the inflammation.
Therefore, the nodules formed of continuous immune response due to bacteria in the skin tissue. Because immune cells need to constantly produced to maintain the inflammation, nodules indicates an infection is present and constantly and skin damage.
Eliminating acne nodules can use natural ingredients.
These natural ingredients include herbal extracts, vitamins and minerals. Natural ingredients have anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antioxidant properties. Natural ingredients can also reduce nodule swelling, eliminate bacteria that aggravate the skin and eliminate all free radicals and poisons produced from bacterial metabolism.
Nodular acne treatment – Tea tree oil and aloe vera are two examples of treatment with natural ingredients. Using tea tree oil and aloe vera directly on the skin to kill acne-causing bacteria and accelerate skin healing.
Other herbal extracts include honey, ginger and green tea. This herb can be prepared as a paste or lotion and applied to the skin like a acne mask. Acne masks are made from natural solutions that are very effective for shrinking nodules.
Other natural remedies for treating acne nodules with zinc (which is a natural antibacterial agent), omega-3 fatty acids (which have anti-inflammatory properties) and vitamins A, C and E (which are all very good antioxidants).
Most natural acne products combine different drugs to produce better results. A good example is Actimine, a acne supplement, formulated with vitamins C and E, zinc and selenium and MSM (methylsulfonylmethane).
Medication for Acne Nodules
There are also conventional acne remedies to reduce the swelling of acne nodules.
The most popular drug that dermatologists use to get rid of acne nodules is cortisone which is directly injected into the nodule. This is to reduce the formation of scar tissue.
Oral corticosteroids such as prednisone are also used to treat acne nodules. Other drugs that work with different mechanisms can also be determined. Some of these drugs kill acne-causing bacteria while others prevent androgen stimulation which causes excessive sebum production.
Topical OTC acne products including active ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid can shrink acne nodules. The agent is an anti-bacterial agent and is used also for exfoliation.
Strong drugs such as oral and topical antibiotics are also available to kill the bacteria that cause acne. However, these bacteria develop quickly and are resistant to the antibiotics. For this reason, antibiotics are rarely used alone in the treatment of acne nodules.
Anti-androgens such as spironolactone and oral contraceptives containing estrogen and progestin are also effective in breaking the chain of events that ultimately inhibits nodule formation.
These drugs block androgens such as testosterone from interacting with the sebaceous glands. Therefore, they reduce sebum production and prevent runaway growth from bacteria such as P. acnes.